Organic gardening sheds lights on preserving natural resources, ecosystem and human kind. It is based on the natural principles that were used by people for centuries, emphasizing the need for sustainable plant cultivation.
Organic gardens are a closed ecosystem that provides optimal growth for plants, keeps the natural structure of the soil and reduces damage caused by various pathogen microorganisms and pests.
Fruits you pick from an organic garden are fresh, always available and free from health hazardous pesticides and chemicals.
If you are determined to have your own organic garden but do not know how to start, follow these simple instructions and soon you’ll have an organic garden.
Choose the location
Analyze the soil on which you plan to start your organic garden. Notice sunny and shady parts. If you live in areas where the sun is rare, take advantage of every sunny moment. On the other hand, if you live in hot and dry areas, try to protect your plant from excessive sun exposure.
Every garden has its own microclimate. Take that into consideration when first starting with organic gardening, so you are able to provide your plants enough sun and shade.
If you live in an apartment, do not worry. It is possible to start a small organic garden in there. Raised garden beds and vertical gardening will help you grow herbs, vegetables and flowers.
Choose the plants
Avoid sensitive plants that are susceptible to diseases and demanding plants that need chemical treatments or trimming. It is better to choose plants that are common for your climate area.
If it’s possible, pick the plants that will give you multiple benefits: they produce flowers in the first season, fruits in the second season, provide the shade for other plants and give your garden natural beauty.
Domestic sorts will attract bees, bumblebees, butterflies and other useful pollinators. It’ll make your organic garden charming.
Feeding the plants
One of the main missions of organic gardens is to avoid production of any waste. This kind of garden is special because it gives you an opportunity to use organic waste like egg shells, fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds over and over again. Organic waste will create nutritious compost which is pure gold to plants.
Watering the plants
Modern gardeners do not follow the principles of sustainability and depend on water sources. They use hoses and sprayers to water the plants in dry areas.
Organic gardens use natural sources of water as long as possible with the maximal usage of underground waters and rainwater.
Tip: collect the rain in containers and later use it for watering your plants.
Protecting the plants
Chemicals are not allowed in organic gardens. However, that does not mean that you will have a garden infested with pests and diseases.
It is possible to defend your garden with the natural synergy between some plants – if you plant them near each other, their strength will increase and you will get strong and healthy plants that are capable of defending themselves against pests and diseases. These plants are called compatible plants.
Protection with biological and other allowed treatment in organic production is the last line of defense, meaning you will apply them when there are no other options.
Good and bad neighbors
The theory of good and bad neighbors has no scientific evidence but is based on gardeners’ experience and observation. Impractical side of this theory is that plants that are good neighbors often require different conditions for their growth, so it is important to adapt this theory to your own needs.
- Good neighbors are beans, celery and cucumber; chamomile and onion; carrot and onion; nasturtium and apples; nettle and any vegetables…
- Bad neighbors: strawberries and cabbage; beans and onion; beetroot and potato.
Organic gardening may seem complicated and time-consuming, but believe us, all the effort will pay off, because plants grown organically are tastier and healthier than commercially grown plants.
Be brave and make the first step towards organic gardening.